In New Jersey, the court system is divided into two types of courts, state courts and federal courts. Each state has the authority to create the different courts under its own system. New Jersey Courts are made up of three levels of courts: the Superior Court (Law & Chancery), the Superior Court Appellate Division, and the Supreme Court. The Superior Court hears trials and the Superior Court Appellate Division is the first level of appeal. The final level of appeal is the New Jersey Supreme Court. There are 7 Justices who sit on the New Jersey Supreme Court.
State Court Judges are appointed by the Governor for an initial term of seven years. After the initial term of seven years the Governor decides whether to reappoint the Judge until the mandatory retirement age of 70. Once a Judge is reappointed, he or she has tenor until the mandatory retirement age. Judges may be recalled after retirement to temporary duty, depending upon the need for judges in any particular county.